Smith v. Berryhill – U.S. Supreme Court Reverses SSA’s Policy
SMITH V. BERRYHILL
On May 28, 2019, the U.S Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision in Smith v. Berryhill, 587 US _ (2019), reversing the Sixth Circuit’s judgment. The Sixth Circuit held that an Appeals Council dismissal was not subject to federal judicial review. But, the Supreme Court held that an Appeals Council’s dismissal of “a request for review as untimely after a claimant has obtained a hearing from an ALJ on the merits… qualifies as a ‘final decision… made after a hearing” within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. §405(g). This means that claimant now has an option for federal review when before there was no option.
APPEALS COUNCIL DECISION IS FINAL AND APPEALABLE TO FEDERAL COURT
In the case, the claimant’s attorney stated he filed a timely appeal to the Appeals Council. The Appeals Council claimed they never received it and dismissed the case. As it was an issue of “timeliness,” it has been SSA’s policy that dismissal’s for untimeliness is not “final” decisions. Therefore, as it was not final, it was not subject to judicial review. In other words, you couldn’t appeal to the Federal Court, even if the SSA made a mistake, as they did in this case.
FEDERAL COURT HAS JUDICIAL REVIEW WHEN SSA MISTAKE OCCURS
The Smith v. Berryhill decision, authored by Justice Sotomayor, overturns this long-time SSA policy and allows for judicial review in Federal Court. The Court specifically stated mistakes occur at SSA during the administrative appeals process and concluded that the Court does “not presume that Congress intended for this claimant-protective statute… to leave a claimant without recourse to the courts when such a mistake does occur—least of all when the claimant may have already expended a significant amount of likely limited resources in a lengthy proceeding.”
THE HOLDING IN SMITH V. BERRYHILL IS GOOD NEWS FOR CLAIMANTS
The holding in Smith v. Berryhill is excellent news for claimants who are seeking judicial review in Federal Court. The Court held, however, that judicial review may not apply in reopening situations where the ALJ has specifically declined to reopen a prior application. If you need help applying for disability benefits or appealing SSA’s unfavorable decision, call Cannon Disability Law – 1-800-732-2323.